文章摘要
邓侨侨.科学英才的机构迁移与大学竞争力的关系[J].高等教育研究学报,2014,37(4):100-104 本文二维码信息
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科学英才的机构迁移与大学竞争力的关系
A Study on the Relationship Between Institutional Migration of Elite Teachers and University Competitiveness
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  科学英才  机构迁移  大学竞争力
Key Words:elite teachers  institutional migration  university competitiveness
基金项目:
作者单位
邓侨侨 上海交通大学高等教育研究院 
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中文摘要:
      文章以汤姆森高引用科学家数据库中2430名高被引科学家为样本,以上海交通大学ARWU排名为大学竞争力的依据,对科学英才的机构迁移与大学竞争力的关系进行分析发现:竞争力越强的大学汇集的科学英才数量越多;大学竞争力越强,从校外招聘的科学英才比例越低;且大学竞争力越强,科学英才留下来的可能性越大。同时针对中国研究型大学师资队伍建设中存在的问题提出如下建议:加强世界一流大学建设,优化人才引进的环境;注重研究生教育质量,提高自我培育高水平师资的能力。
Abstract:
      This paper adopts a quantitative approach to investigating the relationship between elite teachers’professional migration at different career stages and university competitiveness. It collects information of 2430 elite teachers defined by ISI Highly Cited Scientists database and employs university performance in the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2011(ARWU2011)by Shanghai Jiaotong University. This research finds that,regardless of their career stages,elite teachers tend to work at top ranking universities in ARWU. At their doctoral studies,higher ranking universities tend to train more elite teachers,and these teachers tend to stay and work in the countries where their degrees are granted. The higher ranking the university is,the less likely elite teachers may leave the position. Comparing the situation of elite teachers in China,we suggest that Chinese universities enhance research environment and conditions to train high - quality teaching and research force;and improve research quality to provide an optial environment for elite teachers development.
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