文章摘要
王树乔,范富春.高校科研效率和全要素生产率测评研究——基于江苏省的实证分析[J].高等教育研究学报,2016,39(1):76-82,87 本文二维码信息
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高校科研效率和全要素生产率测评研究——基于江苏省的实证分析
A Study on the Evaluation of Scientific Research Efficiency and Total Factor Productivity of Universities:Taking Jiangsu Province as an example
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  高校科研效率  技术效率  曼奎斯特指数  区域特征
Key Words:university scientific research efficiency in colleges and universities  technical efficiency  malmquist index  regional characteristics
基金项目:江苏高校哲学社会科学研究项目(2015SJB716),江苏省社会科学基金青年项目(15JYC002)
作者单位
王树乔 淮阴工学院教务处 
范富春 淮阴工学院设备处 
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中文摘要:
      基于数据包络分析(DEA),对江苏省29所高校2007-2013年的科研效率的整体发展状况进行评价,进而运用曼奎斯特生产率指数(Malmquist) 探寻高校科研全要素生产率的变化因素和趋势,为效率改进指明方向。研究结果显示:江苏省高校科研投入产出效率总体上不错,且呈现纯技术效率低于规模效率,但江苏省高校科研全要素生产率增长并非持续性,且引发全要素生产率变化的关键因素是技术进步和规模效率,进而提出提升高校科研效率的相关对策建议。
Abstract:
      The paper evaluates the overall development of scientific research efficiency of 29 colleges and universities in Jiangsu Province 2007-2013 based on Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA)and then use the Malmquist productivity index to explore factors change and trend of total factor productivity of scientific research in colleges and universities,and gives guidance to efficiency improvement. Research results show that the input and the output efficiency of scientific research in Jiangsu Province colleges and universities,on the whole,are good and that pure technical efficiency is lower than that of scale efficiency. Nevertheless,total factor productivity growth in colleges and universities in Jiangsu Province is not persistent and the key factors to lead to the change of total factor productivity are technical progress and scale efficiency. Then the paper puts forward relevant countermeasures and suggestions to improve the efficiency of scientific research activities in colleges and universities.
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