文章摘要
张楚廷.教育目的知多少[J].高等教育研究学报,2016,39(2):55-59 本文二维码信息
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教育目的知多少
On the Purpose of Education
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  教育目的  课程目的  “四R”说  “五I”课程观
Key Words:purpose of education  objectives of courses  theory of 4R  curriculum view of 5I
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作者单位
张楚廷 湖南师范大学教育科学学院 
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中文摘要:
      讨论教育目的,必然论及自己的教育目的,又必涉及更基本的课程目的。本人曾提出过以下六种教育目的:让学生更富有(文化)、更智慧、更高尚、更高大;让学生在知情意方面都得到发展;让学生走向真善美;让学生自己成为自己,一个超越了过往的自己,一个获得了新的生命的自己;让本是人的人更会做人;让学生从自然境界、功利境界,走向道德境界、天地境界。关于课程,多尔曾提出“四R” 说,本人提出了“五I” 课程观,包括“信息(information)、兴趣(interest)、直觉(intuition)、质疑(inquiry)、智慧(intelligence)”,认为“信息宽于知识,兴趣先于意志,直觉贵于逻辑,质疑重于聆听,智慧高于聪明”。
Abstract:
      When concerning the purpose of education,it is necessary to discuss one’s own purpose of education,and it is necessary to concern more fundamental purpose of a certain course. The author once advocated the following six purposes of education:we should make our students better-educated,more intelligent,nobler and loftier;we should make our students developed in intelligence,emotion and will;we should make our students be true,good and beautiful;we should let our students become themselves who have surpassed their previous“selves”, who have gained new lives;we should let human beings learn to be;we should let our students turn from natural and utilitarian state to moral and universe state. Concerning courses,William E. Doll put forward a theory of 4R(richness,recursion,relations and rigor). The author advocate curriculum view of 5I,i.e. information,interest,intuition,inquiry and intelligence,holding that information is wider than knowledge,interest precedes will,intuition is more valuable than logic,inquiry is more important than listening and intelligence is superior to wisdom.
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