文章摘要
刘强.论高校学业考试“分数膨胀” 及其应对策略——兼谈高校“等级制” 取代“百分制” 改革[J].高等教育研究学报,2016,39(2):86-91 本文二维码信息
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论高校学业考试“分数膨胀” 及其应对策略——兼谈高校“等级制” 取代“百分制” 改革
A Discussion on“Grade Inflation”and Its Coping Strategy —— Also about the Reform of Grading System
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  高校学业考试  “分数膨胀”  学业淘汰  教考分离
Key Words:college academic test  “grade inflation”  academic selection  separation of test and teaching
基金项目:全国教育科学规划教育部重点课题(DIA140295)
作者单位
刘强 厦门大学教育研究院 
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中文摘要:
      长期以来,我国高校学业考试“分数膨胀” 问题饱受诟病,严重地损害了高校人才培养的质量。然而,在现实利益面前,无论是对于学生、管理者还是高校教师来说,给予学生“高分”都是一个“最不坏”的选择。或者说,高校学业考试“分数膨胀”是高校内部各利益相关者功利主义心态“膨胀” 的结果。而当下,我国高校实施的“等级制” 取代“百分制”的学业评价体系改革,并不能从根本上解决高校学业考试“分数膨胀” 问题。而要有效解决这一问题,必须从高校教学管理入手,为教师营造良好的教学管理氛围,从而让教师真正地“挺起腰杆”评分。
Abstract:
      The grade inflation of college academic tests was always criticized for the heavy damage on quality of the higher education. However,to give students a good grade is not the worst choice in front of the realistic interest for students,teachers and managers. In other words,the inflation of utilitarian mentality among the internal stakeholders of University leads to the grade inflation of academic tests. What is the worse,the reform of grading system cannot address the problem of grade inflation in institutions of higher education. We have to reform the regulation and create a good atmosphere of teaching management to solve it.
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