文章摘要
史文霞,张建军.当前我国“双一流”建设亟需跨越的障碍[J].高等教育研究学报,2018,41(1):13-17 本文二维码信息
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当前我国“双一流”建设亟需跨越的障碍
Obstacles and Countermeasures in the Construction of“Double first-class”Universities in China
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  “双一流”建设  本科教育  研究生教育  现实障碍
Key Words:“double first-class”construction  undergraduate education  graduate education  major obstacles
基金项目:陕西省社会科学基金项目(2015K029)
作者单位
史文霞 西安交通大学外国语学院 
张建军 西安电子科技大学经济与管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      随着“双一流”建设从概念到实践的不断深入,学术界对“双一流”建设的研究已经呈现“百花齐放,百家争鸣”的态势。目前,我国的“双一流”建设面临“管办评”分离问题、如何处理一流本科教育与一流研究生教育的关系问题、“绩效评价标准”问题、“发展模式”陷阱等四大障碍。因此,必须不断创新和完善“双一流”建设的内外部环境与基础,包括改革和创新大学管理体制和机制,建立现代大学管理制度,构建一流的学术文化环境,在本科教育和研究生教育上合理配置教育资源,加强高水平师资队伍建设以及加强高等教育的国际化步伐等。
Abstract:
      The construction of“double first-class”universities in China has been widely discussed in the field of higher education. This paper proposes four major obstacles in the construction of“double first-class”universities,including separation of management and evaluation of universities,improper management of the relationship between the first-class undergraduate education and the first-class graduate education,imperfect criteria for evaluating university performance,and unclear development model. To overcome these obstacles,five measures are proposed on the basis of the constant innovation and perfection of the internal and external environment of“double first-class”construction,including the reform and innovation of university management system and mechanism,the construction of first-class academic and cultural environment,the rational allocation of educational resources between undergraduate and graduate education,the effective construction of high-level faculties,and the speeding internationalization of higher education.
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