文章摘要
范玉芳.美军在岗学习的分类与特点[J].高等教育研究学报,2020,43(1):5-10,115 本文二维码信息
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美军在岗学习的分类与特点
Classification and Characteristics of On-post Learning in the U.S. Military Forces
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  在岗学习  自愿教育计划  分布式学习  美军
Key Words:on-post learning  voluntary education program  distributed learning  U.S. military forces
基金项目:全国教育科学国防军事教育学科“十三五”规划课题(JYKYA2018003)
作者单位
范玉芳 国防科技大学教学考评中心 
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中文摘要:
      美军教育训练思想的变革推动着在岗学习的创新发展, 目前形成了个人主导和军队主导两种类型。两种类型的在岗学习各成体系, 无论是在功能定位、学习内容, 还是在实施形式、管理机制方面, 都存在较大差异。但两者又相互衔接, 将人才培养的院校教育、作战训练和自我发展三个领域融为一体。美军的在岗学习体系可启发我们以发展的视角完善“三位一体”的新型军事人才培养体系。
Abstract:
      The change of training concept in the U.S. military education has promoted the innovation and development of on-post learning. Currently,there are two types of on-post learning:Individual-led vs military-led. There are significant differences between the two types in terms of functional orientation,learning content,implementation forms,and management mechanisms. But the two are connected to each other,integrating the three fields of institutional education,combat training,and self-development to cultivate talents. The on-post learning system of the U.S. military forces has inspired us from a development perspective to improve the new“three-in-one”military personnel cultivation system.
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