文章摘要
郭玉婷,贾文军.大学生线上学习自我调节能力影响因素研究[J].高等教育研究学报,2021,44(3):63-71,90 本文二维码信息
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大学生线上学习自我调节能力影响因素研究
Research on the Influencing Factors of College Students’Self-Regulation Ability in Online Learning
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  大学生  线上学习  自我调节能力  影响因素
Key Words:college students  online learning  self-regulation ability  factor
基金项目:国家社会科学基金教育学重点课题(AIA190014)
作者单位
郭玉婷 厦门大学教师发展中心 
贾文军 厦门大学教师发展中心 
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中文摘要:
      本研究基于厦门大学教师发展中心和全国高等学校质量保障机构联盟(CIQA)联合开展的大规模线上教学学生调查,开展混合式研究,对问卷开放式题目进行文本词频分析并利用Pythono编程构建LDA主题模型。依据困惑度和主题词的统计,发现自我调节能力是大学生关注的焦点。对应LDA主题模型,在问卷中提取相应的结构化数据,进一步利用结构方程探索大学生线上学习中自我调节能力的影响因素。研究发现,学生因素、教师因素和环境因素均对大学生线上学习自我调节能力具有显著正向影响作用,其中家庭支持、教学投入和学校支持在对应的因素中对学生自我调节的影响程度最大。为取得更好的线上学习效果,提高大学生线上学习的自我调节能力,本文提出要实现“三个转变”:重点关注自我调节能力弱的学生,提升学生线上学习自我调节能力;突出课程内容重点,并有的放矢地引导学生进行自我调节;加强网络基础设施建设与技术升级,营造线上学习外部良好氛围。
Abstract:
      Based on the survey of large-scale online teaching jointly carried out by Teacher Development Center of Xiamen University and the Chinese Network of Internal Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education(CIQA),this study carries out a mixed study,analyzes the word frequency of the open questions in the questionnaire,and constructs the LDA topic model by python programming. According to the statistics of perplexity and subject words,it is found that self-regulation ability is the focus of college students. According to the LDA topic model,we extract the corresponding structured data from the questionnaire,and further use structural equation to explore the influencing factors of college students’self-regulation ability in online learning. It is found that students’factors,teachers’factors and environmental factors have significant positive effects on college students’online learning self-regulation ability,among which family support,teaching investment and school support have the greatest impact on students’self-regulation ability. In order to achieve better online learning effect and improve the self-regulation ability of college students,this paper proposes realizing“three changes”:focus on the students with weak self-regulation ability to improve their self-regulation ability of online learning;Highlight the key content of the course and guide students to self-regulation;Strengthen the network infrastructure construction and technology upgrading,and create a good external atmosphere for online learning.
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