文章摘要
司婧,马亮.目标取向对本科生创新行为的影响研究:自我效能的中介作用[J].高等教育研究学报,2015,38(4):25-31,62 本文二维码信息
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目标取向对本科生创新行为的影响研究:自我效能的中介作用
A Study on the Effects of Goal Orientation for Undergraduate Innovation Behavior: The Mediation of Self-efficacy
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  目标取向  自我效能  创新行为  本科生
Key Words:goal orientation  self-efficacy  innovative behavior  undergraduate
基金项目:
作者单位
司婧 西安交通大学教务处 
马亮 南洋理工大学南洋公共管理研究生院 
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中文摘要:
      本科生创新行为很大程度上影响我国未来科技创新的水平,但目前有关本科生创新行为影响因素的实证研究较少。本文在文献回顾的基础上,探讨了目标取向对本科生创新行为的影响,分析了自我效能因素在目标取向影响本科生创新行为中的作用。通过对西安交通大学本科生科研训练计划的185个项目参与学生的调查分析,得出实证研究结论:个体学习目标取向对其创新行为具有显著正向影响;个体证明目标取向对其创新行为具有显著正向影响;个体回避目标取向对其创新行为呈负向关系,但未达到显著水平;个体自我效能在个体目标取向与创新行为的关系中起中介作用。最后讨论了本研究的管理启示、研究不足及未来展望。
Abstract:
      Undergraduate innovation behavior affects the level of the technological innovation in future. However, there are few empirical studies on the undergraduate innovation behavior. This paper discusses the impact of individual goal orientation on undergraduate innovation behavior, analyzes the role of self-efficacy in goal orientation affecting undergraduate innovation behavior. One hundred and eighty-five team members are investigated. Empirical results show that: (1) learning goal orientation has significant positive effect on individual innovative behavior; (2) proving goal orientation has significant positive effect on individual innovative behavior; (3) avoiding goal orientation has negative effect on individual innovative behavior; (4) self-efficacy plays a meditative role between goal orientation and individual innovative behavior. Limitations and suggestions for future are discussed.
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