文章摘要
张楚廷.再论善于善[J].高等教育研究学报,2017,40(1):42-45 本文二维码信息
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再论善于善
Rediscussion on Being Good at Stressing on Moral
  
DOI:
中文关键词:    道德  机制
Key Words:being good  morality  mechanism
基金项目:
作者单位
张楚廷 湖南师范大学教育科学学院 
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中文摘要:
      “善于善”,通俗的说法即“很会讲道德”。人的道德活动是以整体面貌出现的,但我们从思辨的角度可以分解它。这种活动无非是心理的,而心理活动可以分解为知、情、意、行这四个方面。善于善并不容易,有一般水平的认识不难,比较难的,是道德习惯的养成,道德情感的培育,道德意志的锤炼,由此做到从善如流。个人拥有是帮助他人的前提条件,物质财富如此,精神财富亦然。个人要善于善,看来一个社会也要善于善。人要善待社会,但这在很大程度上不是被教导出来的,人的觉悟很重要,教育有利于人的觉悟提高,而机制的设计更重要。
Abstract:
      “Shanyu Shan”is more commonly known as“being good at stressing on moral”. The moral activity of human beings appears as a whole,however,we can decompose it from a speculative point of view. This activity is nothing but psychological. Psychological activity can be decomposed into four aspects:knowledge,emotion,intention and behavior. It is not easy to be good at stressing on moral. It is not difficult to have a general understanding of moral. Moral habit formation,cultivation of moral feelings and tempering moral will are rather difficult. Therefore,one should follow correct opinions or well-intentioned advice like water flowing swiftly and smoothly downward. Ancient Greek philosophers pointed out that private ownership is the foundation of morality,which is true for material values and is also true for spiritual values. Individuals should be good at stressing on moral. It seems that a society should also be good at stressing on moral. People should be kind to the society,but they are not to be taught to a great extent. The key does not lie on how high their consciousness is. The design of mechanism is more important.
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