文章摘要
朱亚宗.从“补短板” 到“砺尖端”:中国创新人才链的完善——“击剑效应” 与“木桶效应” 的互补[J].高等教育研究学报,2017,40(4):5-9 本文二维码信息
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从“补短板” 到“砺尖端”:中国创新人才链的完善——“击剑效应” 与“木桶效应” 的互补
From“Improving Weak Links”to“Grinding the Tip”:Perfection of China’s Innovative Talents Chain by Complementing“Fencing Effect”and“Cask Effect”
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  人才生态链  原创性人才  木桶效应  击剑效应
Key Words:ecological chain of talents  innovative talents  Cask Effect  Fencing Effect
基金项目:
作者单位
朱亚宗 国防科技大学文理学院 
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中文摘要:
      科技创新人才是一个完整的生态链,在理论、设计、操作等领域,既需要顶尖的原创性人才,也需要大量的应用扩散型人才。而中国当代的人才队伍存在结构性矛盾,一方面,中低端人才相对过剩;另一方面,尖端的原创性人才严重不足,需从海外引进。针对这一问题,人才选拔与培养的重点,必须从“补短板”转向“砺尖端”。与此相应,中国的教育理念与模式必须适当调整,为原创性拔尖人才顺利成长提供更宽松的创新文化环境。
Abstract:
      Innovative talents in science and technology are a complete ecological chain. In the categories of theory, designing and operation, society needs outstanding innovative talents as well as a large number of talents featured by application and diffusion. But there is a constructive contradiction within the contemporary talent team. On the one hand, there is a relative surplus of middle and low end talents. On the other hand, there is a serious shortage of originality talents at the tip and the country needs to introduce some from abroad. Aiming at this problem, focus of selecting and cultivating talents should be transferred from “improving weak links” to “grinding the tip”. Appropriately, China’s educational concepts and modes should be properly adjusted so that a looser innovative cultural environment will be provided for smooth growing-up for outstanding and innovative talents.
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