文章摘要
田芬.多元研究范式并存:我国高等教育研究的理想之道[J].高等教育研究学报,2020,43(1):55-59 本文二维码信息
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多元研究范式并存:我国高等教育研究的理想之道
Coexistence of Multiple Research Paradigms:The Ideal Way of Chinese Higher Education Research
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  多元研究任务  一元研究范式  范式转换  多元研究范式
Key Words:multiple research tasks  sole research paradigm  research paradigm shift  multiple research paradigm
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(18JJD880005)
作者单位
田芬 厦门大学高等教育质量建设协同创新中心 
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中文摘要:
      我国高等教育学科发展,需要高等教育研究领域坚持多元研究范式并存。多元研究范式并存,具体是指思辨研究范式、实证研究范式、多学科研究范式、院校研究范式和质性研究范式共存。多元研究范式并存能够促进高等教育学科发展,共有三大证据:第一,中国高教研究四十年的发展历史启示,多元研究任务呼唤多元研究范式并存;第二,任何一种研究范式处于绝对优势地位,与高教研究系统的复杂性相悖;第三,未来研究范式呈现出“本质主义研究范式”向“非本质主义研究范式”转换变革,对高教研究的科学性发出挑战,因此需要多元研究研究范式捍卫高等教育研究的科学性。
Abstract:
      To develop the higher education disciplines,coexistence of multiple research paradigms is needed in higher education,which means speculative research paradigm,empirical research paradigm,multidisciplinary research paradigm,institutional research paradigm and qualitative research paradigm coexist. Three kinds of evidence show that multiple research paradigms can promote the development of higher education discipline. Firstly,the forty-year history of higher education research indicates that multiple research tasks need multiple research paradigms. Secondly,absolute predominance of a single research paradigm is against the complexity of higher education research system. Thirdly,in the future,research paradigm will shift from essentialism to non-essentialism,which challenges the scientific status of higher education research. Therefore,multiple research paradigms can defend the scientific nature of higher education research.
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