文章摘要
张捷.运用知识建构理论提升大学生研究能力的实证研究[J].高等教育研究学报,2020,43(4):31-36 本文二维码信息
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运用知识建构理论提升大学生研究能力的实证研究
An Empirical Study of Promoting Undergraduates’Research Ability through Knowledge Building
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  知识建构  研究能力  大学生
Key Words:knowledge building  research ability  undergraduates
基金项目:
作者单位
张捷 南京师范大学教育科学学院 
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中文摘要:
      现阶段本科生教学存在教学方式老旧、考核评价单一等现象,导致学生把学习重心都放在记笔记、背重点上,缺乏问题意识以及深入思考探究解决问题的能力,即缺乏一定的研究能力,以至于一些本科生升入研究生阶段时,无法适应研究生生活。该研究尝试在本科生教学中引入知识建构理论,引导学生完成发现问题、提出问题、制定研究方案,开展实验研究,收集整理数据,统计分析,最后得出正确的结论并以论文形式呈现研究过程与结果这一完整的研究过程。通过收集学生课堂上展示的作品和知识论坛中的学生发表、阅读、回复等学习行为记录进行数据分析。研究结果表明,知识建构教学中的开展组内、组间以及全班对话、引入权威性资料等教学策略可以有效促进大学生的研究能力。
Abstract:
      The present undergraduate teaching has existed problems such as out-of-date teaching methods,and assessment and evaluation lack of variation,which cause students to focus their study on taking notes and reciting key points,and lead to the lack of awareness of problems and ability of in-depth thinking and problem-solving,that is,lack of certain research ability. Consequently,some students cannot adapt to graduate life when they enter the postgraduate stage. This study attempted to introduce the theory of Knowledge Building into undergraduate teaching and guided students to complete the whole research process of finding problems,putting forward problems,making research plans,carrying out experimental research,collecting and sorting out data,doing statistical analysis,and finally drawing correct conclusions and presenting the research process and results in the form of paper. Data analysis was carried out by collecting the artificial products produced by students in class and learning behavior records of students’publication,reading and reply in the knowledge forum. Results showed that the teaching strategies such as conducting intra-group,inter-group and whole-class dialogues and introducing authoritative materials in knowledge building can effectively promote the research ability of college students.
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