文章摘要
杨述明,吴建军,程玉强.工程实践类课程高效课堂范式化模型研究[J].高等教育研究学报,2020,43(4):111-114 本文二维码信息
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工程实践类课程高效课堂范式化模型研究
Research on Efficient Classroom Formalism Model for Engineering Practice Courses
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  工程实践  课堂效率  课堂模型  教学改革
Key Words:engineering practice  classroom efficiency  classroom model  teaching reform
基金项目:
作者单位
杨述明 国防科技大学空天科学学院 
吴建军 国防科技大学空天科学学院 
程玉强 国防科技大学空天科学学院 
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中文摘要:
      课堂教学是我国高等教育的基本组织形式,课堂效益事关人才培养质量。针对工程实践类课程教与学分裂、学与做分化、知识逻辑难以转化为技术逻辑和操作逻辑等低效问题,以“计算机辅助设计”为例,基于场论从教学时空变化、师生角色定位、双向信息交互系统分析了课堂效率的影响机制和核心要素。基于心理学对课堂时段的科学认识,摒弃传统以教师为主角或以学生为主体的课堂结构,构建了师生角色动态变化,学习、体验、创造三段式能力递进模型。综合考评结果和问卷调查分析验证了所提模型的有效性和可行性,为深化院校本科课堂教学改革提供参考。
Abstract:
      Classroom teaching is the basic organization form of higher education in China and classroom efficiency is closely related to talent training quality. Low efficiency problems have existed in engineering practice courses such as division between teaching and learning,differentiation between learning and doing and difficulty in transforming knowledge logic into technical logic and operational logic. Solutions to such problems are demonstrated in the Computer Aided Design course. The impact mechanism and core elements related to classroom efficiency are systematically analyzed in terms of variation of teaching time and space,roles of teachers and students and mutual information exchange based on the field theory. Then,a teacher-student role exchange and learning-experience-creation progress model is constructed which considers the scientific understanding of classroom time in psychology and abandons the traditional teacher/student-centered ideal. Comprehensive evaluation results and questionnaire analysis show the proposed model is effective and feasible,and eventually may shed light on classroom-teaching reform.
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