文章摘要
李冬,陈玄.以军种为维度的美军将官选拔晋升关键因素研究[J].高等教育研究学报,2022,45(1):1-10,35 本文二维码信息
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以军种为维度的美军将官选拔晋升关键因素研究
Study of the Key Factors in the Selection and Promotion of General Officers in the U.S. Armed Forces
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  美军  将官  选拔晋升
Key Words:U.S. Armed Forces  general officer  selection and promotion
基金项目:
作者单位
李冬 军委训练管理部信息中心 
陈玄 军委训练管理部信息中心 
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中文摘要:
      将官是军队的高级指挥军官,承担着国家安全事务决策和咨询的重要职责,其能力素质直接影响一个国家应对未来战争的水平。美军将官选拔晋升制度虽然在联合作战的背景下有共通之处,但各军种之间的差异巨大。依据军事人力资源制度政策,一名军官能否成为将官,岗位类别、任职经历、任命来源、教育培训等因素不同程度地发挥着作用。尤为关键的是,受军种文化的深刻影响,其作用效果存在明显差别。美军的军官任用制度是我们学习借鉴的重要参考,全面掌握学习了解美军将官选拔晋升制度及其实际运作情况,可以更好地掌握美军指挥军官特质偏好,也可以为我军的干部培养选拔制度改革发展提供借鉴。
Abstract:
      General and flag officers(G/FOs),as the military’s senior-most representatives,make decisions and provide counsel that have substantial bearing on the nation’s security posture. Their ability and quality directly affect the level of a country's response to future wars. Although the selection and promotion system of U.S. generals has something in common in the context of joint operations, there are great differences among various military services. The selection and promotion system of general officers is guided by the manpower resource policy of each military service,in which position category, working experience,source of appointment,education and training experience and other factors are decisive. Crucially, the role of each factor profoundly affected by service cultures varies greatly. A comprehensive understanding of the selection and promotion system of the U.S. general officers and its relevant background can help us better learn the qualities that the U.S. commanding officers should have. It can also provide reference for the reform and development of the training and promotion system of Chinese military forces.
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